The scintillating city of Mangalore
Mangalore, one of the cleanest cities of India, is an entryway to the state of Karnataka. Situated 350 kilometers west to the capital city of Bangalore, Mangalore is flanked by Western Ghats on one side and Arabian Sea on the other. This coastal city has been ranked as one of the most sought after business destinations.
Named after a Hindu Devi (deity) ‘Mangladevi’ ,Mangalore is known by the local people as Mangalapuram , Tullu ,Maikala , Kudla etc. Mangalore is a major port of India on Arabian Sea and holds greater than70 percent of India’s coffee and cashew exports..The city of Mangalore has a tropical climate .
Due to its location and its proximity to sea, the city was also a source of contention amongst the very powerful rulers .It has been ruled by Kadambas, Chalukyas, Rashtakulas, Portuguese .Eventually it was annexed by Britishers in 1799 and post Independence ,there was unification between state of Mysore(presently called Karnataka) and Bangalore.
Places of interest
Mangalore is blessed with pristine beaches, tranquil localities, green fields and wide variety of flora and fauna. Some of the must visit places include:
- Sultan Battery: fortress built by Tipu Sultan to save the Gurpur River from warships.
- Kadri Manjunath Temple: one of the oldest South Indian temple Kadri Manjunath Temple dates back to about 1068 A.D. Built at the foot of the highest hills Kadri Manjunath Temple draws in 100’s of devotees annually. Caves on Pandavas can be seen on the top of the hill.
- Aloysius Church: An architectural gem built in the year 1900
- Light House Hill-Garden: Gives awesome sea view of ships and boats on the sea.
- Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple : The Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple is mainly dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva and is located at a walking distance from Hampankatta
- Rosario Church
- Milagres Church
- Sharavu Maha Ganapathi Temple.
Mangalore is culturally very diverse and one can find several dance and art forms being practiced here. Some of the prominent dance forms and folk songs are:
- The Yakshagana, a night-long dance
- Pilivesha (literally, tiger dance), a folk dance performed during Dusshera .
- Karadi Vesha (bear dance) performed during Dasara
- Paddanas (Ballad-like epics passed on through generations by word of mouth) .These are sung in the local language ‘Tullu’.
- Unjal pat (traditional lullaby)
- Moilanji pat
- Oppune pat (sung at weddings)
Some of the popular Indian festivals in the city are:
- Kodial Theru Rathotsava (Mangalore Car Festival) celebrated at the Sri Venkatramana Temple
- Monti Fest (Mother Mary’s feast), which the blessing of new
- Aati, a festival worshiping Kalanja
- Karavali Utsav and Kudlostava showcasing national and state-level performances
- Bhuta Kola (spirit worship)
- Nagaradhane (snake worship)
- A religious cock fight is also organized in some parts of the city
Largely influenced by the South-Indian Cuisine, the variety that Mangalore presents in cuisine can be detailed as under:
- Neer dosa, a variant of dosa
- Pundi (rice ball)
- Most Mangalorean Curry will have a common ingredient- Coconut.
- Kori Rotti (dry rice flakes dipped in gravy)
- Bangude Pulimunchi (silver-grey mackerels)
- Beeja-Manoli Upkari
- Neer dosa (lacy rice-crêpes)
- Boothai Gasi